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GIUSEPPE CAPOGROSSI

Born in 1900 in Rome, Italy; died in 1972 in Rome, Italy.

Capogrossi obtains his law degree, before dedicating himself to painting. In 1923, he attended the Libera Scuola di Nudo di Felice Carena where he met Emanuele Cavalli, with whom he exhibited for the first time at the Dinesen Hotel in Rome, in 1927. In 1933, he participated in an exhibition at the Galleria Bonjean Paris, with Cagli and Cavalli. The critic Waldemar George uses the term Ecole de Rome. In 1940, he taught “figure drawing” at art school in Rome, until he was appointed as lecturer at the Academy of Fine Arts in Naples in 1966. Capogrossi briefly experiments with neo cubism (1947-49), but he finds his style in a more rigorous abstract form, characterised by the repetition of a single sign. From 1950, he exhibited in Italy and abroad in numerous solo and group exhibitions; he was given a room at the XXXI Venice Biennale in 1962, winning the first prize for painting, ex-aequo with Ennio Morlotti. In 1971, he participated in the XI Biennial of Sao Paulo, where he won the Twenty years of Biennale and at the International engraving of Ljubljana, he won the Prix d’honneur. In the same year, the Ministry of Education awarded him with a gold medal for cultural merits. Capogrossi has numerous group exhibitions including Galerie Nina Dausset, Paris (1951); Guggenheim Museum (1953); Venice Biennale (1954, 1962); Documenta, Kassel (1955, 1959); Carnegie International, Pittsburgh (1958, 1961); and Tate Gallery, London (1964). He holds various solo shows including the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (1957); Leo Castelli Gallery, New York (1958); Palais des beaux-arts, Brussels (1959); and Galleria L’attico, Rome (1962).  In 1974, two years after Capogrossi’s death, the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome, organised his first major posthumous retrospective.

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